Racing Glossary 'N'

Non Trier , Names,National Hunt,

Names : under rule 40 of the rules of racing no owner shall make no use of an assumed name for the purpose of entering or running horses, this rule was brought in after some very dubious characters. The same applies to horses in that no horse can run until it has been named which when you look back into the early days of racing you will see several examples such as the winner of the 1797 Derby recorded as Duke of Bedford's brown colt by Fidget out of sister to Pharamond.

National Hunt : this term embraces all steeplechases and hurdling and is descriptive of courses which exclusively stage these events and those that though devoted to the flat in the summer months stage these events in the winter.

National Hunt Flat Race : yes it is a contradiction in terms but it represents the revival of a type or race popular in Ireland called the 'Bumper' a reference to the style of amateurs who were often the sole contestants. The idea was to run potential jumpers on the flat to give them valuable experience of racing without the added distraction of clearing hurdles.

Non Trier : a horse which doesn't give it's best when racing. Often used in the past to fool the handicapper in to giving the horse a lower weight, this then allowed the horse to have something in hand in a race. Rule 151 deal quite strictly with this behaviour with quite serious fines for offending trainers.

Numbers Board : Not all racecourse today have a numbers board but it is a valuable resource of information. It is a metal frame usually about 20ft high often situated opposite the stand on the course beyond the far running rails and worked by a system of pulleys and counter weights it gives the name of each jockey taking part in the race, the numbers carried on the saddlecloth of each horse corresponding to the numbers on the racecard and morning papers, appear on the left of the name of the jockey, black on white except when the jockey is a claiming apprentice who's numbers will appear so 7lb allowance red on white, 4lb (steeplechase, Hurdles, and National hunt flat races) or 5lb (flat races)black on orange 3lb white on blue, on the right of the jockeys name appears the draw for start place.

underneath the jockeys names are separate boards which give the state of the going, details of overweight and colour changes.

Nursery Handicap : a handicap confined to two year olds, there used to be a rule that no nursery could be run before September but now they are usually run in August and sometimes in July.


Racing Glossary 'o - p'

Odds, Off The Bit, Overweight, Pattern Races,

Odds: Price at which a bookie lays bets, prices are Odds Against, Even Money or Odds On. see racing odds page

Off : The off is the start of the race, officially timed off course bookies will not usually take bets after this time but with betting exchanges you can usually get a bet right upto the winning post..

Off The Bit : or off the bridle, horses in the earlier stages of a race are held hard by the jockey and travelling well they are said to be 'on the bit' or 'on the bridle' when given their head or 'let down' and urged for an effort they are said to be off the bit or off the bridle.

On : betting term meaning that a bet or sidebet has been struck

Overweight: if a jockey can't get his weight down to the weight due to be carried the difference between that weight and the weight shown on the weighing room scales is called overweight.

Paddock : Before each race horses are led round the parade ring in the paddock area this is a good opportunity to assess them for looks, temperament and fitness.

Pattern Races : the most important flat races have been formed into coherent 'pattern' throughout the season to give suitably space opportunities for the best horses according to age, sex and racing distance.

Penalty: This term refers to extra weight added to a horse's original weight in a race as a consequence of it having won a race in the period between having entered for this race and actually taking part in it. This penalty is usually applied when the handicapper has not had time to assess the original weight allocation.

Photo Finish: first used in Epson in April 1947 a camera is installed in line with the winning post which then photographs the finish of a race and where several horses cross the winning line together allows the judges to decide which horse crossed the line first.

Pitch: where the bookmaker places his pitch this is not a random choice there is a system in place for each course. the best pitches are in the front rank of Tattersalls Ring.

Place: a horse that wins, is second or third or in big race fields finishes fourth, or sometimes fifth and sixth. is a placed horse.

Point to Point: amateur races run over fences under the auspices of individual hunts also known as racing between the flags.

Pony: in betting terms a stake of £25

Pressure: a horse that when off the bit has to be driven to keep his place or to make further effort is said to come under pressure.

Prize Money: this is the sum total of the fees paid in entries, forfeits and declaration by the owners and a sum added by the racecourse executive commercial or other sponsors.